Research on suggestive interviewing techniques has identified six types of interview behaviors associated with false outcries of sexual abuse. These interview behaviors are as follows:
1. Positive Consequences - Giving, promising, or implying praise, approval, agreement or other rewards to a child, or indicating the child could demonstrate desirable qualities like helpfulness or intelligence, by making a statement to the interviewer;These six suggestive interviewing techniques are by no means an exhaustive list of all the different ways a forensic interviewer might impose suggestive questioning on a child. However, these techniques are typically the primary focus of forensic analysis of child "victim" interviews.
2. Negative Consequences - Criticizing or disagreeing with a child's statements, or otherwise indicating the statement was incomplete, unbelievable, dubious, or disappointing;
3. Other People - Telling the child the interviewer has already received information from another person regarding the topics of the interview;
4. Questions Asked and Answered - Asking the child questions already unambiguously answered in the immediately preceding part of the interview;
5. Inviting Speculation - Asking the child to offer opinions or speculation about past events or framing the child's task during the interview as using imagining or solving a mystery; and
6. Introducing Information - Introducing information not previously mentioned by the child. The new information in either an interviewer's statement or question represents a substantial addition or discontinuity with the child's previous statements.
Sexual assault defense lawyers need training to recognize a suggestive child interview. The better practice is to hire experts in the field to evaluate and critique an interviewer's questioning of a child. If necessary, the experts can testify at trial, or inform prosecutors, that an interview was tainted by poor methods and technique.